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The Story of Ayodhya

PM Narendra Modi while performing the groundbreaking Bhoomi Pujan in Ayodhya said that the moment which was awaited since centuries has come to an end. He began his speech by using the phrase “Jai Siya Ram” instead of “Jai Shri Ram” while addressing the people as we together should remember the sacrifices made by people so that this day could finally come. Modi ji also issues a postage stamp for it to mark this auspicious day of how BJP had victory over its rivals. He also mentioned that construction of Ram Temple is the biggest victory of all times.

A city in Central Uttar Pradesh along the river Ghaghra is believed to be the birthplace of Lord Rama and the epic history of Ramayana. According to ancient Sanskrit epic Ramayana by the renowned poet of the times Valmiki, Ayodhya has believed to be served as the Hindu capital of the Hindu Kingdom of Kosala ( Kaushal), the court of the king Dasaratha. Ramayana also mentions how Ayodhya is embarked as the birthplace of Dasaratha’s son Ram.

Ayodhya is alos well known as Saketa, named after the Kushan emperor Kanishka Saketa, who made it the administrative center of its eastern territories. During the visit of Chinese emperor Xuanzang, Ayodhya was part of Harsha’s empire as Xuanzang described it and named it after stupas and monasteries built by kings of Gupta dynasty at Ayodhya. Xuanzang also stayed up at Yogacara, a school in Ayodhya.

Ayodhya has become the capital of the province Awadh which was governed by the Delhi Sultinate. 

Babri Masjid was built apparently at a site which is supposedly believed by Hindus the birthplace of Hindu deity Ram. Even according to inscriptions on the site, the masjid was built in the year 1528-1529 AD by Mir Baqi, who was serving under the Mughal emperor Babur.

In 1853, there were recordings of first religious violence. In 1949, the idols of Lord Ram was appeared to be inside the masjid, to this the Muslims protested and both the Hindus and Muslims filed civil suit against this. Later on, the government declared the area as disputed.

In 1984, The Hindus formed their community to build a Ram temple at the site. In 1986, the district judge orders the to open gates for Hindus and let them worship there and in reply to this the Muslims set up Babri Mosque Action Committee in protest.

In 1989, Vishwa Hindu Parishad lays the foundation of a Ram temple on land adjacent to Babri Masjid. In 1990, the BJP President Lal Krishna Advani tkaes the Ram Rath Yatra. In 1991 BJP comes to power in Uttar Pradesh.

In 1992, the mosque was raised and by 1992 the Liberhan Commission was set up. In 2010, Allahabad High Court orders that the site should be split. But in 2011, Supreme Court suspends the hearing. In 2017 Supreme Court Court calls for out of court settlement. Again in March 2019, Supreme Court considers this situation for mediation.

By August 2019, the mediation fails and  Supreme Court begins day to day hearing of the case. Finally in October 2019, the hearing came to a conclusion.

In November 2019, Constitution belt of Supreme Court clears way for construction of Ram Temple at the disputed site but orders the government to provide five acre land to Muslims for mosque in Ayodhya.

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